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Types of Organizational Culture and Their Benefits

  • By basitahmaddar
  • February 27, 2024
  • 5 mins read
types of organizational culture
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    Organizational culture plays a crucial role in shaping the success of your company. It influences the types of candidates you attract for employment and impacts the ability to retain employees. With various types of organizational cultures existing, it’s essential to identify the one that aligns best with your company’s goals and values.

    In this article, we’ll explore the types of organizational culture and offer practical tips for identifying it in your organization.

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    What Is An Organizational Culture? 

    Organizational culture is all about the shared values, attitudes, and ways of doing things in a company. Having a good company culture is super important because it helps bring in the right people and keeps them happy at work. Research shows that job seekers care a lot about a company’s culture, sometimes even more than how much they’ll get paid.

    To build a great company culture, you need to understand what it’s like right now. This means knowing what values and attitudes are common in your company. Once you understand that, you can work on making it even better. Remember, it might take some time and effort, but it’s worth it.

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    What Are The Types Of Organizational Culture? 

    Here are the main types of organizational culture you might find in workplaces today, each with its distinct characteristics:

    Clan Culture

    Clan culture emphasizes mentorship and teamwork, fostering a family-like atmosphere within the organization. It values collaboration and open communication, where every individual’s input is valued and respected. In clan cultures, employees often feel a strong sense of belonging and loyalty to the organization, similar to being part of a close-knit family. 

    This type of culture is commonly found in startups and smaller companies, where there is a greater emphasis on building relationships and working together towards common goals. Clan cultures prioritize employee well-being and development, often promoting mentorship opportunities and team-building activities to strengthen bonds among team members.

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    Adhocracy Culture

    Adhocracy culture thrives on risk-taking and innovation, valuing creativity, flexibility, and adaptability. It encourages employees to think outside the box and explore new ideas without fear of failure. In adhocracy cultures, there is a strong emphasis on experimentation and pushing boundaries to stay ahead of the competition. 

    This type of culture is commonly seen in dynamic and fast-paced industries like technology and creative fields, where innovation is crucial for success. Adhocracy cultures prioritize brainstorming sessions, idea generation, and cross-functional collaboration to foster a culture of innovation and continuous improvement.

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    Market Culture

    Market culture centers around competition and growth, focusing on achieving measurable results and driving performance. It is highly results-oriented and externally focused, with a strong emphasis on meeting targets and exceeding expectations. In market cultures, employees are driven by a sense of urgency and competitiveness, constantly striving to outperform their competitors and achieve market dominance. 

    This type of culture is commonly found in larger organizations and industries where there is intense competition and a need for rapid growth. Market cultures prioritize accountability, goal-setting, and performance metrics to drive success and ensure profitability.

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    Hierarchy Culture

    Hierarchy culture emphasizes structure and stability, adhering to traditional corporate hierarchies and clear chains of command. It values order, consistency, and adherence to established rules and procedures. In hierarchy cultures, there is a strong emphasis on organizational structure and formalized processes to maintain stability and control. 

    This type of culture is commonly found in more traditional industries like finance, manufacturing, and government, where there is a need for strict compliance and adherence to regulations. Hierarchy cultures prioritize efficiency, predictability, and risk aversion to ensure smooth operations and minimize disruptions.

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    What Are Some Other Types Of Organizational Culture? 

    Apart from the aforementioned four types of organizational culture, here are a few additional ones worth noting:

    Purpose Culture

    Purpose culture revolves around a company’s mission and core values, which serve as the driving force behind the culture. This culture places a strong emphasis on the organization’s overarching purpose and how it aligns with its values. Companies with a purpose culture are often deeply committed to making a positive impact on their industry or community, and every aspect of their operations is guided by this sense of purpose.

    Coaching Culture

    In a coaching culture, senior leadership takes on the responsibility of mentoring employees and helping them advance in their careers. Senior leaders regularly engage with employees through various coaching techniques, such as providing feedback on projects and conducting one-on-one meetings to discuss career aspirations and personal goals. This culture emphasizes continuous learning and improvement, with a focus on individual development and career progression.

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    Accountability Culture

    In an accountability culture, every member of the organization, including the CEO and senior leadership, actively holds themselves responsible for their actions and performance. This culture fosters a sense of ownership and accountability among employees, where individuals take responsibility for their work and outcomes. Recognition is also an important aspect of this culture, with colleagues acknowledging and celebrating each other’s successes and contributions.

    Learning Culture

    Companies fostering a learning culture actively prioritize providing employees with learning and development opportunities. This culture encourages continuous learning and growth, both professionally and personally. The organization integrates learning opportunities into various aspects, including regular training sessions, workshops, and skill development programs. This culture fosters a supportive environment where employees feel empowered to take ownership of their learning journey and pursue opportunities for self-improvement.

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    How To Identify Your Organizational Culture? 

    Now that you know the types of organizational culture, here is how you can identify and understand your own organization’s culture:

    Understand Your Organizational Dynamics and Values

    Recognize that your team dynamics and values shape your organizational culture, which potential employees easily notice. Understanding this is key because your culture essentially communicates what your organization stands for.

    Utilize Assessment Tools

    Use specialized assessment tools to thoroughly evaluate your organizational culture. These tools offer valuable insights into the prevailing cultural norms within your organization, helping you gain a clearer understanding of your current culture.

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    Assess Alignment with Core Values

    Assess how well your organization’s core values align with your current culture. Identify areas where your culture may not fully reflect your values, and consider areas for improvement to better align the two.

    Shift Organizational Culture

    If you believe a different organizational culture would benefit your company and employees, take steps to shift it. This could involve defining and assessing your current culture, setting clear goals, evaluating your company structure, and reaffirming your mission and core values.

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    Continuous Monitoring and Adjustment

    Continuously monitor your culture and track progress towards your desired organizational culture. Regularly seek feedback from employees and stakeholders to evaluate the effectiveness of any cultural changes and make necessary adjustments.

    Conclusion 

    In conclusion, organizational culture plays a pivotal role in shaping the success and dynamics of a company. By understanding the various types of organizational culture and how to identify them within your own organization, you can better align your team with your core values and objectives. Whether your company embodies a clan culture focused on collaboration, an adhocracy culture driven by innovation, a market culture centered around competition, or a hierarchy culture emphasizing structure, recognizing and assessing your culture is the first step towards fostering a positive and thriving work environment.

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